Engineering Works in Victoria

Many very significant engineering works were undertaking in Victoria, both to serve the Metropolitan area of Melbourne, and to serve the development of the Colony, the State, and the Nation.

Chronology

Lists of key and major engineering works in chronological order are in preparation.

Your contributions to these lists would be appreciated.

  • Pre 1834 Before European settlement.
  • 1834 - 1851 Early settlement.
  • 1852 - 1860 Rapid developments after separation from NSW and the discovery of gold.
  • 1860 - 1895 The booms and busts that followed.
  • 1888 - 1914 National developments leading up to, and following, Federation in 1901.
  • 1914 - 1950 Boom and bust between the Wars.
  • 1950 - 1975 Post War developments to serve mass migrations from Britain, Europe and Asia.
  • 1975 - Today Consolidation and renewal.

Engineering Works by Discipline

Lists of key and major engineering works by industry / discipline are in preparation. Your contributions to these lists would be appreciated.

Buildings

  • 1888 - The Australian Building, Melbourne - Demolished 19??
  • 1912 - Dennys Lascelles Austin Wool Store, Geelong - E.G. Stone Demolished 19??
  • 1913 - State Library of Victoria, Melbourne
  • 1969 - Park Towers, South Melbourne - W.P.Brown & Assoc.
  • 1985 - Rialto Towers, Melbourne  

Water Supply

  • 1853 Eastern Hill Water Tank - James Blackburn - Relocated to Werribee
  • 1857 Yan Yean Dam - James Blackburn - Upgraded 2001
  • 1857 Pipeline to Melbourne - James Blackburn
  • 1874 Lower Stony Creek Dam, Geelong - George Gordon
  • 1884 Toorourrong Dam, Whittlesea
  • 1927 Maroondah Dam, Healesville
  • 1929 Silvan Dam

Irrigation & Drainage

Key and major Irrigation engineering works

  • 1887 Goulburn Weir Near Nagambie
  • 1915 River Murray Waters Act
  • 1924 Eildon Dam (1) 'Sugarloaf Dam' Replaced 1950s
  • 1936 Hume Dam
  • 1939 Yarrawonga Weir
  • 1950 Eildon Dam (2)
  • 1980 Dartmouth Dam

Key and major Drainage engineering works

  • 1890s Koo Wee Rup Swamp

Ports & Harbours

  • 1860s Port of Echuca, Murray River
  • 1860s Alfred Graving Dock, Melbourne
  • 1870s Lakes Entrance, Gippsland Lakes
  • 1886 Coode Canal, Melbourne
  • 1892 Victoria Dock, Melbourne
  • 1960 Portland Breakwater  

Manufacturing

  • 1868 Melbourne Meat Preserving Company, Pipemakers Park
  • 1888 Yarra Falls Roller Mills Water-turbine powered mill, at Dight's Falls
  • 1911 Hume's Pipe Making, Pipemakers Park

Railways

  • 1854 Sandridge Line Flinders Street - Port Melbourne Falls Bridge, Station Pier First railway in Victoria. First steam railway in Australia. Converted to Light Rail 1990s
  • 1857 St.Kilda Line Flinders Street - St.Kilda Converted to Light Rail 1990s
  • 1857 Geelong - Newport Geelong Station. Railway Pier Geelong
  • 1859 Spencer Street - Williamstown Embankment, Saltwater Bridge & Railway Pier
  • 1859 Spencer Street - Sunbury
  • 1859 Windsor Branch Line St.Kilda - Windsor - Brighton St.Kilda - Windsor closed 1862
  • 1859 Flinders Street - Richmond
  • 1860 Richmond - Windsor Cremorne Bridge
  • 1861 Richmond - Hawthorn Hawthorn Railway Bridge 1855/1861
  • 1862 Geelong - Ballarat Moorabool Viaduct
  • 1862 Sunbury - Bendigo / Castlemaine Sunbury, Jacksons, Malmsbury, Taradale Viaducts. Ravenswood Bridge. Big Hill Tunnel, Elphinstone Tunnel
  • 1864 Bendigo - Echuca Rochester Bridge. Murray River Bridge
  • 1872 Spencer Street - Longwood Goulburn River Bridge, Seymour
  • 1873 Longwood - Wodonga Benalla, Wangaratta Bridges
  • 1875 Castlemaine - Maryborough - Clunes - Ballarat
  • 1875 Ballarat - Ararat
  • 1876 Deniliquin - Moama/Echuca NSW Private. VR from 1923
  • 1877 Ararat - Portland
  • 1877 Melbourne - Sale
  • 1881 (Sydney - Albury)
  • 1883 Wodonga - Albury (Completing Melbourne - Sydney)
  • 1887 Ararat - Servicetown (Completing Melbourne - Adelaide)
  • 1889 Melbourne - Ballarat Melton Viaduct 1886, Bacchus Marsh Loop
  • 1890 Ballarat - Heathcote Mollisons and Handfords Timber Viaducts
  • 1893 Outer Circle Railway Yarra Bridge 1890 at Fairfield Closed 1929 - now Chandler Highway
  • 1900 Ferntree Gully - Gembrook Narrow Gauge. Horseshoe Bridge 1899
  • 1916 Sale - Bairnsdale Avon River Bridge, Stratford.
  • 1916 Bairnsdale - Orbost Nicholson River Bridge. Nowa Nowa Bridge.
  • 1919 Wodonga - Cudgewa Timber Viaducts
  • 1919 Noojee Noojee Timber Viaduct - Rebuilt 1939
  • 1923 Deniliquin Line NSW Run by VR from 1923
  • 1924 Hume Weir deviations Constructed by VR
  • 1926 Balranald Line Constructed by VR
  • 1928 Kerang - Stony Crossing Constructed by VR
  • 1962 Standard Gauge: Melbourne - Albury

Malmsbury Railway Viaduct

Constructed 1861 - 1862. The largest stone bridge in Victoria.
One of Australia's finest early bridges.

Railway Viaduct, Malmsbury VIC Constructed as part of the nationally significant Melbourne - Mount Alexander and Murray River Railway, the Malmsbury Railway Viaduct is itself an outstanding engineering work.

Constructed of rusticated and finely dressed bluestone, it is the largest masonry bridge in Victoria, and when completed in 1862, it was Australia's longest stone bridge.

This magnificent bridge has five 18.3 metre spans, is about 25 metres high, and carries two railway tracks over the Coliban River at Malmsbury. It is still one of Australia's finest early bridges.

The initial design of the Melbourne - Mount Alexander  and Murry River Railway is credited to Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The line was designed with two broad gauge tracks, high speed alignments, cutting through the landscape, and double headed rail.

The viaduct was erected by Cornish and Bruce for the Victorian Railways in 1859. The railway viaduct crosses over the Coliban River, which is dammed upstream to provide the headworks for the Bendigo Water Supply.

Location

VicRoads Map 59 G5 and VicRoads Map 288 G3 Malmsbury

The bridge is accessible from Ellesmere Place, which is on the south, or left, side of the Calder Highway coming from Melbourne. View the viaduct by either walking through the park to the Lake, or from the southern end of Ellesmere Place.

Further References

Harrigan, L., Victorian Railways to '62 (Victorian Railways Public Relations and Betterment Board, Melbourne, 1962)

 

 
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