Learn why statistics are important for the future of engineering.

Engineers are the people who convert ‘brilliant ideas’ into tangible goods, services and processes. They are indispensable contributors to Australian life and prosperity. Gathering high quality statistics about engineers and engineering is imperative to informing accurate labour market policy decisions. It also helps us measure whether there are enough engineers coming into the profession to maintain our present and future engineering capability.

Engineers Australia collects this data to aid in our policy and advocacy efforts on behalf of the profession and to inform the government and community. We source data about the engineering profession from various avenues including census data which is available every five years.


Examining the state of the profession

The latest edition of The engineering profession: a statistical overview examines findings from the 2021 census and the latest education and migration data. 

Explore some of the key takeaways below or investigate the data yourself with our interactive dashboard, which includes statistics on the labour force, industry distribution, location and demographics. 

At a glance

Skills shortage

There is currently a skills shortage of experienced engineers in Australia, with employment vacancies at a decade high. Driving demand for engineers is ongoing investment in public infrastructure, a re-emergence of demand for minerals and a global transition to clean energy and adapting to climate change.

While experienced migrant engineers are critical to the workforce in the short-term, having a strong source of domestically trained engineers is crucial. Only 8.5 per cent of graduates in Australia graduate with an engineering qualification – the sixth lowest proportion in OECD countries. 

The long-term solution involves investment in young people and schools, increasing the numbers of engineering graduates, industry-led development of early career graduates, growing and retaining women and First Nations people, and community-wide understanding of the value of skilled migrants.

Importance of STEM

This puts the focus strongly on the importance of fostering science, technology, engineering and mathematical skills (STEM) in young people. 

The statistics show that engineering graduates experience strong employment outcomes – around 87 per cent of engineering graduates were in full time employment in 2021 and 2022. Engineering graduates are also in the top five highest graduate salaries with a median salary of $71,500.

Employer satisfaction with engineering graduates is high. 2021 data shows employers had the highest overall satisfaction rate with engineering and related graduates at 90 per cent.

With graduates rating their experience lower than other fields, efforts need to be concentrated on improving course satisfaction and student retention coupled with attracting more enrolments. A greater supply of graduates is crucial for increasing the capacity of Australia’s engineering workforce. 

Engineers Australia is committed to promoting STEM skills to school age children and teens and our STEM strategy outlines the ways we’re doing this.

Visit our policy and advocacy page to learn more about how statistics help inform our work.


Engineering profession statistical overview cover
Engineers Australia | June 2019

The engineering profession: a statistical overview, 14th edition

This report aims to contribute to an understanding of Australia’s engineering profession by compiling statistics about engineers in Australia. The statistical overview fills a gap created by the fragmented nature of Australian official statistics as they relate to specific professions and occupational groups.

Cover of Engineering profession: statistical overview
Engineers Australia | November 2023

The engineering profession: a statistical overview, 15th edition

This report provides high-level insights about the engineering profession for the period 2016–2021. It contains the empirical data required to make decisions to develop an engineering workforce that will be the backbone of a sustainable, safe and energy efficient future.


This edition is complemented by an interactive dashboard which allows you to explore the data. 

State of the engineering profession 2017 cover
Engineers Australia | 2017

The state of the engineering profession: engineering in Australia

Engineers Australia's insights for 2017, specifically the change required to realise the country’s political, social and economic aspirations.

Cover of Women in engineering 2017
Engineers Australia | 2017

Women in engineering: 2017

The purpose of this project was to investigate, identify and assess the barriers confronting women in engineering in order to find ways to redress the underrepresentation of women in the profession. This was completed as a partnership with Engineers Australia and Monash University as part of the Monash Industry Team Initiative (MITI) project.